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Physical therapy (PT), also known as physiotherapy, is one of the allied health professions that, by using mechanical force and movements (bio-mechanics or kinesiology), manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function. Physical therapy is used to improve a patient's quality of life through examination, diagnosis, prognosis, physical intervention, and patient education. It is performed by physical therapists (known as physiotherapists in many countries).

Manual Therapy

Also known as hands-on physical therapy, manual therapy uses no devices or machines. Instead, therapists use only their hands while performing skilled, specific hands-on techniques. In general, manual therapy includes soft tissue work and mobilization/manipulation.When performing soft tissue work, therapists apply pressure to the soft tissues of the body, such as the muscles. This pressure can help relax muscles, increase circulation, break up scar tissue, and reduce or eliminate soft tissue inflammation. With manual therapy, clinicians also commonly mobilize and manipulate joints. Mobilization/manipulation techniques assist to reduce pain, correct joint mechanics and allow for early return to exercises and daily function.

Taping Therapy

Taping is a relatively new phenomenon in athletics, but one that has started to gain mainstream popularity in recent years. In essence, taping is used to provide support or relief to injured athletes, although some also use it preventatively. Taping can be used in different ways for different issues and can achieve a variety of results. To truly understand what taping is and how it is used, it is best to first look at the history of how it was developed.

Exercise Therapy

Exercise Therapy is a regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to work towards the restoration of normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain above and below the site of injury caused by diseases or injuries through neuro reeducation, gait training and therapeutic activities. It is highly repetitive and intensive in nature, requiring time and dedication on the part of the client to encourage neuroplasticity. The therapy is provided by professionals with an educational background in Physiotherapy, exercise science, exercise physiology, or other similar degree.

Electrotherapy

Electrotherapy is a medical technique in which an electric current is used to perform a wide variety of tasks associated with pain, neurological disorders, muscle-related conditions, and drug delivery. In electrotherapy, an electric current is applied directly to a muscle or tissue in order to stimulate a body part that trauma or natural conditioning weakened. Electrotherapy uses high frequesncy current, low frequency current, sounds, lights, heat, cold etc for treatment purpose.