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Pathology is the study of disease. It is the bridge between science and medicine. It underpins every aspect of patient care, from diagnostic testing and treatment advice to using cutting-edge genetic technologies and preventing disease.
Doctors and scientists working in pathology are experts in illness and disease. They use their expertise to support every aspect of healthcare, from guiding doctors on the right way to treat common diseases, to using cutting-edge genetic technologies to treat patients with life-threatening conditions.

Haematology

Hematopathology or hemopathology is the study of diseases and disorders affecting blood cells, their production, and any organs and tissues involved in hematopoiesis, such as bone marrow, the spleen, and the thymus. Diagnoses and treatment of diseases such as leukemia and lymphoma often deal with hematopathology; techniques and technologies include flow cytometry studies and immunohistochemistry.


The Haematology Department has an expert team for diagnosis and treatment of blood diseases. Our haematologists evaluate and treat patients with various conditions such as anaemia, increased or reduced white cells, increased or decreased platelets; enlarged lymph nodes or spleen, bleeding and clotting disorders. The department experts also treat blood cancer, including conditions of leukaemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma and other disorders.

Biochemistry

An echocardiogram, often referred to as a cardiac echo or simply an echo, is a sonogram of the heart.Echocardiography uses standard two-dimensional, three-dimensional, and Doppler ultrasound to create images of the heart.


Echocardiography has become routinely used in the diagnosis, management, and follow-up of patients with any suspected or known heart diseases. It is one of the most widely used diagnostic tests in cardiology. It can provide a wealth of helpful information, including the size and shape of the heart (internal chamber size quantification), pumping capacity, and the location and extent of any tissue damage. An echocardiogram can also give physicians other estimates of heart function, such as a calculation of the cardiac output, ejection fraction, and diastolic function (how well the heart relaxes).
Echocardiography can help detect cardiomyopathies, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, and many others. The use of stress echocardiography may also help determine whether any chest pain or associated symptoms are related to heart disease. The biggest advantage to echocardiography is that it is not invasive (does not involve breaking the skin or entering body cavities) and has no known risks or side effects.

Blood Culture

A blood culture is a test that checks for foreign invaders like bacteria, yeast, and other microorganisms in your blood. Having these pathogens in your bloodstream can be a sign of a blood infection, a condition known as bacteremia. A positive blood culture means that you have bacteria in your blood.


Blood cultures are ordered when your doctor suspects you may have a blood infection. It’s important to test for blood infections because they can lead to serious complications. One such complication of a blood infection is sepsis.
In sepsis, the pathogens that are causing the infection in your bloodstream interfere with your body’s normal defenses and prevent your immune system from working properly. The pathogens also produce toxins that can damage your organs.The results of the test can help your doctor determine which specific organism or bacteria is causing the blood infection and how best to combat it.

Complete Blood Count (CBC)

A complete blood count (CBC) is a blood test used to evaluate your overall health and detect a wide range of disorders, including anemia, infection and leukemia.


A complete blood count test measures several components and features of your blood, including:
  • • Red blood cells, which carry oxygen
  • • White blood cells, which fight infection
  • • Hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells
  • • Hematocrit, the proportion of red blood cells to the fluid component, or plasma, in your blood
  • • Platelets, which help with blood clotting

Abnormal increases or decreases in cell counts as revealed in a complete blood count may indicate that you have an underlying medical condition that calls for further evaluation.